Carbon monoxide is commonly known as “the silent killer.” Because it is colorless odorless and tasteless, none of your senses can detect it. CO claims the lives of nearly 300 people in their homes each year according to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). CO is a potentially deadly gas that is produced by fuel-burning heating equipment, such as furnaces, wood stoves, fireplaces, and kerosene heaters. Follow these guidelines to help keep your family safer.
- Install at least one CO alarm near sleeping areas.
- Have a trained professional inspect, clean, and tune-up your home’s central heating system and repair leaks or other problems; fireplaces and woodstoves should also be inspected each year and cleaned or repaired as needed.
- Keep gas appliances properly adjusted and serviced.
- Never use an oven or range to heat your home.
- Never use a gas or charcoal grill inside your home or in a closed garage.
- Portable electric generators must be used outside only. Never use them indoors, in a garage, or in any confined area that can allow CO to collect. Follow usage directions closely.
Whether you are landscaping, building a fence or a deck, or installing a pool, no project that involves digging is too small or insignificant. If you are planning to dig on your property for any reason, state law requires you to place a location request with Dig Safely New York at least two (2) full working days, but no more than 10 working days, before beginning your project, to ensure all underground utility lines are properly marked by their owners. Working days are defined as weekdays (Monday through Friday), excluding holidays. You can place a location request by calling 811 or by using our online Location Request program, Exactix.
Because the depth and placement of utility lines can vary for a number of reasons, including erosion, previous digging projects, and uneven surfaces, making assumptions about where the utility lines are under your property can be extremely dangerous. Striking a single line can result in injury, significant repair costs, fines, and inconvenient outages for you and your neighbors.
If you do not plan to perform the excavation yourself, you do not need to contact Dig Safely New York; however, for your safety, you should verify your contractor has contacted Dig Safely New York.
Hired contractors or excavators are responsible for making the call because as the home/property owner, you may:
- Not know the full extent of the work
- Become involved in the liability if an accident occurs
- Not know the complete schedule of the work dates, which is important because utilities often supervise the excavation
- Not know the type of equipment being used or any special information regarding the site that may be pertinent
Site Marking (paint and flags) Standard Color Codes:
Red = Electric
Yellow = Gas/Oil/Steam
Orange = Communications/CATV
Blue = Water
Green = Sewer
Pink = Survey Markings
White = Proposed Excavation
By law, each type of marking requires that you observe a certain Tolerance Zone.
- Burn only seasoned hardwood - not trash, cardboard boxes, or Christmas trees because these items burn unevenly, may contain toxins, and increase the risk of uncontrolled fires.
- Have a professional chimney sweep inspect chimneys annually for cracks, blockages, and leaks and have them cleaned and repaired as needed.
- Keep all persons, pets, and flammable objects, including kindling, bedding, clothing, at least three feet away from fireplaces and wood stoves.
- Open flues before fireplaces are used.
- Use sturdy screens or doors to keep embers inside fireplaces.
- Install at least one smoke alarm on every level of your home and inside or near sleeping areas.
- Keep young children away from working wood stoves and heaters to avoid contact burn injuries.
- Make sure the generator is listed by an independent testing organization, such as Underwriter’s Laboratory (UL).
- Protect the generator from exposure to rain, but under no circumstances should generators be used indoors, including a garage. Do not operate the generator near any open windows or doorways.
- Before using a generator, make sure you have installed a carbon monoxide (CO) alarm near sleeping areas to alert you in the event of increased levels of CO in your home.
- Never connect a generator to the home’s electrical system; instead, plug what you want to power directly into the generator.
- Always follow the manufacturer’s guidelines and maintenance schedule.
Power outages are common during disasters, and they can last for several days. You can reduce your losses and speed the recovery process with an emergency generator.
Portable generators made for household use can provide temporary power to a few appliances or lights. Commercial generators can help prevent service interruptions at businesses and critical infrastructure facilities, such as hospitals, water treatment facilities, telecommunications networks, and emergency response agencies. Federal, state, and local regulations may require you to obtain a permit to operate a generator. Make sure you follow these regulations when you operate and maintain your generator.
General Safety and Usage Guidelines for Backup Generators
- Be sure to use your generator correctly. Using a generator incorrectly can lead to dangerous situations:
- Carbon monoxide poisoning from engine exhaust. Even if you can’t smell exhaust fumes, you may still have been exposed to carbon monoxide. If you start to feel sick, dizzy, or weak while using a generator, get fresh air right away. If you experience serious symptoms, get medical attention immediately. Consider installing battery-operated carbon monoxide alarms. Be sure to read the manufacturer’s instructions and take proper precautions.
- Electric shock or electrocution.
Use a portable generator only when necessary, and only to power essential equipment.
- Position generators outdoors and well away from any structure. Running a generator inside any enclosed or partially enclosed structure can lead to dangerous and often fatal levels of carbon monoxide. Keep generators positioned outside and at least 15 feet away from open windows so exhaust does not enter your home/business or a neighboring home/business.
- Keep the generator dry. Operate your generator on a dry surface under an open, canopy-like structure, and make sure your hands are dry before touching the generator. Do not use the generator in rainy or wet conditions.
- Disconnect the power coming into your home/business. Before you operate your generator, disconnect your normal source of power. Otherwise, power from your generator could be sent back into the utility company lines, creating a hazardous situation for utility workers.
- Make sure your generator is properly grounded. Grounding generators can help prevent shocks and electrocutions. Refer to OSHA guidelines for grounding requirements for portable generators.
- Plug equipment directly into the generator. Use heavy-duty, outdoor-rated extension cords that are in good working condition and have a wire gauge that can handle the electric load of any connected appliances.
- DO NOT plug the generator into a wall outlet. NEVER try to power your house/business by plugging the generator into a wall outlet or the main electrical panel. Only a licensed electrician should connect a generator to a main electrical panel by installing the proper equipment according to local electrical codes. Make sure the electrician installs an approved automatic transfer switch so you can disconnect your home’s wiring from the utility system before you use the generator.
- Maintain an adequate supply of fuel. Know your generator’s rate of fuel consumption at various power output levels. Carefully consider how much fuel you can safely store and for how long. Gasoline and diesel fuel stored for long periods may need added chemicals to keep them safe to use. Check with your supplier for recommendations. Store all fuels in specifically designed containers in a cool, dry, well-ventilated place, away from all potential heat sources.
- Turn the generator off and let it cool before refueling. Use the type of fuel recommended in the manufacturer’s instructions.
- Inspect and maintain your generator regularly. Check aboveground storage tanks, pipes, and valves regularly for cracks and leaks, and replace damaged materials immediately. Tanks may require a permit or have to meet other regulatory requirements. Purchase a maintenance contract and schedule at least one maintenance service per year, such as at the beginning of every hurricane season. Keep fresh fuel in the tank, and run the generator periodically to ensure it will be ready when you need it.
Disclaimer: Because every emergency is different and for your safety, follow the guidance from your state and local emergency management authorities and local utility companies. The information provided on the Town of Penfield's website is for general information and not an endorsement of any particular material or service. Before you engage in activities that could impact utility services, such as electricity or natural gas, contact your local utility company to ensure that your activities are done safely.
- Make sure poisonous products such as pesticides, automotive fluids, lighter fluid, paint thinner, antifreeze, and turpentine have child-resistant caps, are clearly labeled, and are stored in a locked cabinet out of sight and reach of children.
- Store shovels, rakes, lawn chairs, bikes, and other sharp and large objects on the wall and out of high traffic areas.
- Keep pool chemicals according to the manufacturers’ directions to prevent combustion and potential poisoning exposures.
- Store gasoline in small quantities only and in a proper, tightly sealed container labeled “gasoline.”
- Do not keep gasoline in a garage with an appliance that contains a pilot light.
- Properly secure shelving units to the wall, make sure they are not overloaded.
- Always store heavier items closest to the ground.
- Use a sturdy step stool with handrails when climbing is necessary.
- Organize all items in designated, easy-to-reach places.
- Keep floors and steps clear of clutter and immediately clean up grease and spills.
- Keep children’s toys in one area and within their reach to prevent children from exploring potentially dangerous areas.
- Supervise young children when they are in the garage.
- Use bright lights at the top and bottom of the stairs.
- Make sure your garage is well lit. Use the maximum safe wattage in light fixtures. (Maximum wattage is typically posted inside light fixtures.)
- Install secure handrails or banisters on both sides that extend the entire length of the stairs.
- Clean garage of dust, webs, and trash, which can interfere with the electrical system.
- When purchasing or remodeling a home with a garage, ensure that the door is equipped with an auto-reverse feature. Test the garage door safety device by placing a paper towel roll beneath the door as it closes. If the door opens quickly, then your family and pets will be protected from bodily entrapment.
- Before using a ladder outdoors, choose a location that is well away from all power lines. Coming in contact with live wires can be fatal.
- Place the ladder on level ground and open it completely, making sure all locks are engaged.
- Use the 4-to-1 rule for extension ladders: for every 4 feet of distance between the ground and the upper point of contact (such as the wall or roof), move the base of the ladder out 1 foot.
- Always face the ladder when climbing and wear slip-resistant shoes, such as those with rubber soles.
- Keep your body centered on the ladder and gauge your safety by your belt buckle. If your buckle passes beyond the ladder rail, you are overreaching and at risk of falling.
- Make sure rungs are dry before using the ladder.
- Stand at or below the highest safe standing level on a ladder. For a stepladder, the safe standing level is the second rung from the top, and for an extension ladder, it's the fourth rung from the top.
You've heard it before, but please read the label on the paint can and follow the manufacturer's instructions. If the paint is flammable or combustible, take these precautions:
- Open windows and doors to create ventilation and disperse fumes.
- Eliminate all sources of flame, sparks, and ignition (put out pilot lights by turning off the gas and do not re-light until after the room is free of fumes).
- While working with flammable or combustible paints, don't smoke.
- Don't use electrical equipment while working with paints (it may cause sparks)
- Make sure light bulbs are not exposed to sudden breakage.
- Clean up spills promptly.
- Keep containers closed when not in use.
- Wear long sleeve shirt and long pants when painting.
- Wear butyl rubber gloves. This will protect skin and make cleanup easier.
- Wear chemical splash goggles and a paint respirator.
- If the paint is swallowed, follow the first-aid directions on the label and contact a doctor or poison center immediately.
- While painting, if you feel dizzy or nauseous, leave the work area and get fresh air. If discomfort persists, seek medical help.
- If solvent paint gets on your skin, wash immediately with soap and water.
- If solvent paint gets in your eyes, flush eyes with cold water for 15 minutes and obtain medical treatment.
- Follow label instructions for storing.
- Before storing, make sure containers are tightly sealed.
- Do not store near heat sources such as furnaces and space heaters.
- If you have a very small amount of solvent left, dispose of it properly; don't store it.
- Keep paint products out of reach of children.
- Do not store or re-use empty containers.
Lead poisoning is a hidden danger for families with young children. According to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), an estimated 38 million housing units in the United States had lead-based paint between 1998 and 2000. More than half had significant lead hazards.
Lead is toxic for all ages but is especially harmful to young children. When they are exposed to high levels of lead, they can suffer permanent health and brain damage. According to HUD, one out of every nine American children has too much lead in their bodies. Lead-based paint hazards in older housing are a common source of lead poisoning for children.
In 1978, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) ruled that only trace amounts of lead could be contained in paint. If your home was built before 1978, your family may be at greater risk from lead poisoning. The Home Safety Council recommends the following tips to help protect against lead poisoning:
- Ask your doctor about testing children age six or younger for lead. Sometimes these simple blood tests are provided at no cost at local health centers and clinics. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends lead testing of all children at the one- and two-year health supervision visits.
- If you rent an older home or apartment, be sure to tell the building owner if you notice peeling paint and paint chips. You can also report peeling or chipping paint to your local public health department.
- If your home has high levels of lead, you may need to have certain repairs made to keep your family safe.
- HUD offers information on testing and special renovations on its Healthy Homes Web site. Visit the web site
- You should not try to remove lead-based paint yourself.
- You cannot identify lead by looking at paint yourself. Whether you rent or own your home, consider having your home professionally tested for the presence of lead.
- Always supervise children closely. Do not permit them to play with, hold or chew pieces of paint that may chip or peel away from the walls.
- Do not permit children to play in or near buildings that are condemned or under repair or renovation. In addition to other hazards, lead can be present in the soil and dust around these sites.
- Wash children’s hands frequently; always before they eat.
Poison prevention is for everyone, not just children. The Home Safety Council's poisoning prevention advice can help individuals and families keep their homes safer from poisonous and toxic products, chemicals and gases, regardless of the ages of the occupants. Homes with young children need to take extra precautions. Follow these guidelines to keep your family safe from poison exposures at home:
Make sure all potentially dangerous products (household cleaners, medicines, and typical garage items like antifreeze and pesticides) all have child-resistant closures on them, are locked up, and are stored in high places.
- Homes with young children should have child locks installed on cabinets.
- Store food and non-food products separately. This protects consumers in the event of a leak in the product and reduces any possible confusion between items.
- Make sure all medicines and prescriptions have not expired. If they have expired they should be flushed down the toilet and not thrown away in the garbage.
- Immediately mop up puddles of anti-freeze and car oil in the garage or driveway. They are extremely harmful to children and pets.
- Read the use and storage directions before using products. Original labels on product containers often give important first-aid information.
- Wear gloves and follow the manufacturer’s instructions when using harsh chemicals or cleaners.
- Do not mix household products, because their contents could react together with dangerous results.
- Post the national poison control hotline (1-800-222-1222) next to every phone.
- To prevent carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning, have your home heating equipment inspected annually and install a UL-listed CO alarm near every sleeping area.
- Walkthrough the most common rooms where potentially harmful products are stored including the kitchen, bathrooms, and garage. Learn more about room-by-room poison prevention in Home Safety Council’s safety guide.
- Have smoke alarms on every level of your home.
- Make sure a smoke alarm is inside or near every bedroom.
- Test each smoke alarm every month. Push the test button until you hear a loud noise.
- Put new batteries in your smoke alarms at least one time each year.
- If your smoke alarms are more than 10 years old, get new smoke alarms.
- Young children might sleep through the sound of the smoke alarm.
- Be prepared for a family member to wake children for fire drills and in a real emergency.
- Know how to get out fast if there is a fire.
- Find two ways out of every room – the door and maybe the window.
- You might need an escape ladder to get out of the upstairs bedroom windows.
- Children and older people will need help escaping a fire. Plan for this.
- Know who needs help and pick someone to help them.
- Make sure windows and doors open easily.
- Make sure everyone can reach and open locks on doors and windows.
- Make sure stairs and doorways are never blocked.
- If you have security bars on doors and windows, have a “quick-release” latch. This makes it easy to get outside in an emergency.
- Make sure everyone in your family knows how to use the latch.
- Look for things that could slow down your escape. Move or fix them.
- Push the test button on the smoke alarm so your family knows the sound.
- Practice your plan two times a year with your family.
- Practice when everyone else is asleep at least once.
- Have a place to meet in front of your home.
- Know the Fire Department emergency number. In most towns, the number to call is 9-1-1.
- If there is a fire, get out first, and go to your family meeting place. Then call the Fire Department.
- Use a portable phone or a neighbor’s phone.
- Get out and stay out.
- Never go back inside a burning building.
References: NFPA 58--Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code; Chap. 2; L.P. Gas
Equipment & Appliances. NFPA 241--Safeguarding Construction, Alteration & Demolition
Operations; Chap. 7; Roofing Operations.
The following general requirements shall apply for any Torch Applied Roofing Operations in the Town of Penfield:
Apply in person for each job at the Fire Marshal's Office, Penfield Town Hall, 3100 Atlantic Avenue.
- Submit with the application a permit fee of $35.00 and proof of Workmen's Compensation Insurance.
- Fuel containers, burners, and hoses in which liquefied petroleum is used shall comply with all of the applicable requirements of NFPA 58 along with the following prevalent guidelines for LP use:
- Tanks must be DOT labeled, valves protected & hoses approved for LP use.
a. Tanks must be secured to prevent tipping, placed on a flat surface away from the edge of the roof, and shall not be refilled on the roof.
b. Maximum of one (1) 20 lb. LP container allowed on the roof.
c. Tanks shall be stored in areas providing full air circulation to prevent tank exposure to high heat. Do not store near roof drains or openings.
d. Torch to be protected and turned off when not in use. An approved torch holder shall be provided and used.
3e. Storage of combustible materials shall not be permitted near torch operations.
- Caution should be exercised when working near roof openings, penetrations, parapets, flashings, or hidden voids. The torch shall not be applied in areas where the flame impingement cannot be fully observed.
- A fire watch shall be maintained during all operations. Inside roof rafters and concealed spaces shall be checked at not more than ten-minute intervals and shall continue for a minimum of 45 minutes after shutdown.
- Any indication of smoke or fire during or after the job shall be immediately reported to 9-1-1. A readily available means of reporting a fire to 9-1-1 shall be at the job site at all times.
- A minimum of one 2 _ gallon water extinguisher and one 20 lb. dry chemical extinguisher, each with a minimum rating of 40-BC, shall be placed on the roof near the torch down operation.
- All cylinders shall be removed from the roof at the end of the day and stored properly.
- Place space heaters at least three feet away from anything that can burn - including furniture, people, pets, and window treatments.
- Turn off space heaters before leaving a room or going to sleep.
- Supervise children and pets at all times when a portable space heater is in use.
- Use kerosene heaters only where permitted by law. Use the recommended grade kerosene and never use alternative fuel. Kerosene heaters must be fueled outside.
- Never use space heaters to dry clothing or blankets.
Surviving the Cold WeatherProlonged exposure to low temperatures, wind, and/or moisture can result in cold-related injury from frostbite and hypothermia. Here are some suggestions on how to keep warm and avoid frostbite and hypothermia.
Dress properlyWear several layers of loose-fitting clothing to insulate your body by trapping warm, dry air inside. Loosely woven cotton and wool clothes best trap air and resist dampness.
The head and neck lose heat faster than any other part of the body. Your cheeks, ears, and nose are the most prone to frostbite. Wear a hat, scarf, and turtleneck sweater to protect these areas.
Frostbite: What to look forThe extent of frostbite is difficult to judge until hours after thawing.
There are two classifications of frostbite:
Superficial frostbite is characterized by white, waxy, or grayish-yellow patches on the affected areas. The skin feels cold and numb. The skin surface feels stiff and underlying tissue feels soft when depressed.
Deep frostbite is characterized by waxy and pale skin. The affected parts feel cold, hard, and solid and cannot be depressed. Large blisters may appear after rewarming.
What to do:
- Get the victim out of the cold and to a warm place immediately.
- Remove any constrictive clothing items that could impair circulation.
- If you notice signs of frostbite, seek medical attention immediately.
- Place dry, sterile gauze between toes and fingers to absorb moisture and to keep them from sticking together.
- Slightly elevate the affected part to reduce pain and swelling.
If you are more than one hour from a medical facility and you have warm water, place the frostbitten part in the water (102 to 106 degrees Fahrenheit). If you do not have a thermometer, test the water first to see if it is warm, not hot. Rewarming usually takes 20 to 40 minutes or until tissues soften.
What not to do:
- Do not use water hotter than 106 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Do not use water colder than 100 degrees Fahrenheit since it will not thaw frostbite quickly enough.
- Do not rub or massage the frostbitten area.
- Do not rub with ice or snow.
Hypothermia occurs when the body loses more heat than it produces. Symptoms include a change in mental status, uncontrollable shivering, a cool abdomen, and a low core body temperature. Severe hypothermia may cause rigid muscles, dark and puffy skin, irregular heartbeat and respiration, and unconsciousness.
Treat hypothermia by protecting the victim from further heat loss and seeking immediate medical attention. Get the victim out of the cold. Add insulation such as blankets, pillows, towels, or newspapers beneath and around the victim. Be sure to cover the victim's head. Replace wet clothing with dry clothing. Handle the victim gently because rough handling can cause cardiac arrest. Keep the victim in a horizontal (flat) position.
Finally, the best way to avoid frostbite and hypothermia is to stay out of the cold. Read a book, clean house or watch TV. Be patient and wait out the dangerously cold weather.
Extreme heat is a period of high heat and humidity with temperatures above 90 degrees for at least two to three days. In extreme heat your body works extra hard to maintain a normal temperature, which can lead to death. In fact, extreme heat is responsible for the highest number of annual deaths among all weather-related hazards.
- Extreme heat can occur quickly and without warning.
- Older adults, children, and sick or overweight individuals are at greater risk from extreme heat.
- Humidity increases the feeling of heat as measured by a heat index.
IF YOU ARE UNDER AN EXTREME HEAT WARNING:
- Find air conditioning.
- Avoid strenuous activities.
- Wear light clothing.
- Check on family members and neighbors.
- Drink plenty of fluids.
- Watch for heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke.
- Never leave people or pets in a closed car.
HOW TO STAY SAFE WHEN EXTREME HEAT THREATENS
Find places in your community where you can go to get cool while following the latest guidelines from CDC about social distancing to reduce the spread of COVID-19.
Try to keep your home cool:
- Do not rely on a fan as your primary cooling device.
- Cover windows with drapes or shades.
- Weather-strip doors and windows.
- Use window reflectors such as aluminum foil-covered cardboard to reflect heat back outside.
- Add insulation to keep the heat out.
- Use a powered attic ventilator, or attic fan, to regulate the heat level of a building’s attic by clearing hot air.
- Install window air conditioners and insulate around them.
- Learn to recognize the signs of heat illness. For more information visit: www.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/warning.html
Be Safe DURING
Never leave a child, adult, or animal alone inside a vehicle on a warm day. Exposing yourself to the sun or to high temperatures does not protect you from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
Find places with air conditioning. Libraries, shopping malls, and community centers can be a cool place to beat the heat. Stay informed and check with local authorities about possible closures prior to going to cooling centers. Once there, follow CDC guidelines to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Some steps you can take to keep yourself and others safe from COVID-19 include:
- Wash your hands often, keep a physical distance of at least six feet between you and people who are not part of your household, and avoid crowds and large groups.
- Wear a face cloth covering. Children under 2 years old, people who have trouble breathing, and people who are unable to remove masks on their own should not wear face coverings.
- If you are wearing a mask and feel yourself overheating or having trouble breathing, put at least 6 feet of distance between yourself and others and remove the mask.
- If you can, wash your reusable mask regularly.
- If air conditioning is not available in your home:
- Contact Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) for help.
- Contact your local health department or locate an air-conditioned shelter in your area.
- Spend some time at a shopping mall or public library- even a few hours spent in air conditioning can help.
- Keep at least six feet of space between you and individuals who are not a part of your immediate household.
- Your community may set up emergency alternatives for cooling centers, such as using parked air-conditioned buses or movie theaters, as normal cooling centers may not have enough space for physical distancing. Pay attention to guidance from local officials to determine where the nearest cooling center is.
- Wear masks when in public spaces. Masks should not be worn by children under 2 years old, people who have trouble breathing, and people who are unconscious, incapacitated, or otherwise unable to remove them.
- Try to bring items that can help protect you and others in the cooling center from COVID-19, such as hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol and cleaning materials.
- Review the CDC’s guidelines for “Going to a Public Disaster Shelter During the COVID-19 Pandemic.”
- Take cool showers or baths.
- Don’t rely solely on fans to keep you cool. While electric fans might provide some comfort, when temperatures are really hot, they won’t prevent heat-related illness.
- Use your stove and oven less to maintain a cooler temperature in your home.
- If you’re outside, find shade. Wear a hat wide enough to protect your face. Wear appropriate cloth masks and keep a physical distance of at least six feet while you’re outside. Don’t wear a masks if you have trouble breathing or if you are unable to remove it on your own. Children under the age of 2 shouldn’t wear face coverings. If you can, wash your reusable mask regularly.
- During extreme heat events, use a cloth mask that has breathable fabric, such as cotton, instead of polyester. Keep in mind that masks with filters, which are used when cleaning mold or debris, are often made with synthetic materials, which makes it harder to breathe.
- Ensure that your mask covers your mouth and nose and is somewhat snug on your face, even when it is hot. Make sure that it is not too tight. You should not have trouble breathing while wearing the mask. If it is too tight, loosen it so that if fits snuggly without slipping. If it is too tight, loosen it so that if fits snugly without slipping.
- Be sure to have several clean masks to use in case your mask becomes wet or damp from sweat during an extreme heat event. Cloth masks should not be worn when they become damp or wet. Be sure to wash your cloth masks regularly.
- Wear loose, lightweight, light-colored clothing.
- Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated. If you or someone you care for is on a special diet, ask a doctor what would be best. There is no evidence showing that you can get COVID-19 through drinking water or touching water. Conventional water treatment methods, such as those in most municipal drinking water systems, use filtration and disinfection methods that should remove or inactivate the virus that causes COVID-19.
- Keep in mind that not everyone can afford to stock up on supplies, such as sports drinks, cleaning supplies, and non-perishable foods. If you can, slowly buy supplies in advance so that you don’t have to go to the store as often. Shopping less often helps to slow the spread of COVID-19. By social distancing and only shopping when you must, you can protect those who are unable to buy supplies in advance and must shop more frequently.
- Being prepared allows you to avoid unnecessary excursions and to address minor medical issues at home, alleviating the burden on urgent care centers and hospitals.
- Remember that not everyone can afford to respond by stocking up on necessities. For those who can afford it, making essential purchases and slowly building up supplies in advance will allow for longer time periods between shopping trips. This helps to protect those who are unable to procure essentials in advance of the pandemic and must shop more frequently. In addition, consider avoiding WIC-labeled products so that those who rely on these products can access them.
- Keep in mind that not everyone can afford to stock up on supplies, such as sports drinks, cleaning supplies, and non-perishable foods. If you can, slowly buy supplies in advance so that you don’t have to go to the store as often. Shopping less often helps to slow the spread of COVID-19. By social distancing and only shopping when you must, you can protect those who are unable to buy supplies in advance and must shop more frequently.
- Do not use electric fans when the temperature outside is more than 95 degrees. You could increase the risk of heat-related illness. Fans create air flow and a false sense of comfort, but do not reduce body temperature.
- Avoid high-energy activities outdoors. Avoid working outdoors during the midday heat, if possible.
- Check yourself, family members, and neighbors for signs of heat-related illness and COVID-19. Maintain social distancing between yourself and persons not part of your household.
- Engage virtually with your community through video and phone calls. Know that it’s normal to feel anxious or stressed. Take care of your body and talk to someone if you are feeling upset. Many people may already feel fear and anxiety about the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). The threat of an avalanche can add additional stress. Follow CDC guidance for managing stress during a traumatic event and managing stress during COVID-19.
Recognize and Respond
Know the signs of heat-related illnesses and COVID-19 and ways to respond. At-risk populations for both heat-related illness and COVID-19 include older individuals and those with underlying health conditions. Know how to protect individuals especially at risk from both extreme heat events and COVID-19.
If you are sick and need medical attention, contact your healthcare provider for advice and shelter in place, if you can. If you are experiencing a medical emergency, call 9-1-1 and let the operator know if you have, or think you might have, COVID-19. If you can, put on a mask before help arrives. If you are at a shelter or public facility, alert shelter staff right away so they can call a local hospital or clinic.
- Signs: Muscle pains or spasms in the stomach, arms or legs
- Actions: Go to a cooler location. Remove excess clothing. Take sips of cool sports drinks with salt and sugar. If you are sick and need medical attention, call your healthcare provider first. Follow your healthcare provider’s instructions about whether you should go to the hospital or cooler location yourself, as you may be putting others or yourself in greater risk for contracting COVID-19. If cramps last more than an hour, seek medical attention. If possible, put on a mask before medical help arrives.
- Signs: Heavy sweating, paleness, muscle cramps, tiredness, weakness, dizziness, headache, fainting, nausea, vomiting
- Actions: Go to an air-conditioned place and lie down. Loosen or remove clothing. Take a cool bath. Take sips of cool sports drinks with salt and sugar. Call your healthcare provider if symptoms get worse or last more than an hour.
- Extremely high body temperature (above 103 degrees) taken orally
- Red, hot and dry skin with no sweat
- Rapid, strong pulse
- Dizziness, confusion or unconsciousness
Actions: Call 9-1-1 or get the person to a hospital immediately. Cool down with whatever methods are available until medical help arrives.
- Signs: A combination of cough and shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, fever, chills, repeated shaking with chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, and sudden loss of taste or smell
- Actions: For severe symptoms, call 9-1-1 and let them know you think you may have COVID-19 or may have been exposed to COVID-19. If you can, put on a mask before medical help arrives. If you’re experiencing milder symptoms, consult your medical provider.
- Extreme Heat Information Sheet (PDF)
- Extreme Heat Safety Social Media Toolkit
- Protective Actions Research for Extreme Heat
- National Weather Service Heat Safety Tips and Resources
- National Weather Service - Dangers of Heat
- National Weather Service - Safety During Heat Wave
- National Weather Service Summer Safety Weather Ready Nation Outreach Materials
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- National Integrated Drought Information System
- National Integrated Heat Health Information System
Last Updated: 02/18/2021
High Winds Safety Rules
The safest place to be during high winds is indoors.
- Postpone outdoor activities if a wind advisory or high wind warning has been issued.
If you are caught outside during high winds:
- Take cover next to a building or under a shelter
- Stand clear of roadways or train tracks, as a gust may blow you into the path of an oncoming vehicle.
- Use handrails where available on outdoor walkways and avoid other elevated areas such as roofs without an adequate railing.
- Watch for flying debris. Tree limbs may break and street signs may become loose during strong wind gusts. Keep an eye toward nearby balconies for loose objects that may fall
In the event of a downed power line:
- Call for help. Report downed lines to your local utility emergency center and to the police. Do not try to free lines or to remove debris yourself.
- Avoid anything that may be touching downed lines, including vehicles or tree branches. Puddles and even wet or snow-covered ground can conduct electricity in some cases. Warn others to stay away.
- If you see someone who has been shocked who may be in direct or indirect contact with a power line, do not try to touch them. You may become a second victim. Get medical attention as quickly as possible by calling 911.
- If a line falls on your car, stay inside the vehicle. Take care not to touch any of the metal frame of your vehicle. Honk your horn, roll down the window and warn anyone who may approach of the danger. Ask someone to call the police. Do not exit the car until help arrives, unless it catches on fire. To exit, open the door, but do not step out. Jump, without touching any of the metal portions of the car's exterior, to safe ground and get quickly away.
If you are driving:
- Keep both hands on the wheel and slow down.
- Watch for objects blowing across the roadway and into your path.
- Keep a safe distance from cars in adjacent lanes as strong gusts could push a car outside its lane of travel.
- Take extra care in a high-profile vehicle such as a truck, van, SUV, or when towing a trailer, as these are more prone to be pushed or even flipped by high wind gusts.
- If winds are severe enough to prevent safe driving, get onto the shoulder of the road and stop, making sure you are away from trees or other tall objects that could fall onto your vehicle. Stay in the car and turn on the hazard lights until the wind subsides.
While high winds are commonly associated with severe thunderstorms, hurricanes and nor'easters, they may also occur as a result of differences in air pressures, such as when a cold front passes across the area. Large winter storms occasionally produce high winds over central Florida. March and April are the most likely months for this phenomenon. A high wind warning is issued when sustained winds of 40 mph or greater or gusts to 58 mph or greater are expected.
High winds can cause downed trees and power lines, flying debris and building collapses, which may lead to power outages, transportation disruptions, damage to buildings and vehicles, and injury or death.
Preparing for High Winds
In advance of any storm, be sure your property is secure. Remove any dead trees or overhanging branches near structures, loose roofing materials and objects in yards, patios, roofs or balconies that could blow away. If a wind warning is issued consider the following:
Tune in to local weather forecasts and bulletins issued by the National Weather Service on the web, NOAA Weather Radio or local TV and radio stations.
Shutter windows securely and brace outside doors.
Bring in unsecured objects from patios and balconies and secure outdoor objects such as lawn furniture or garbage cans that could blow away and cause damage or injury.
- Reduce speeds. Remember that the posted speed limit is for ideal travel conditions.
- Allow for extra travel time or consider delaying trips if the weather is inclement.
- Always use headlights during inclement weather.
- Make sure windshield wipers, batteries, tires, and defrosters are working and in good condition.
- Carry blankets, flares, and other equipment that would be helpful in an emergency.
- Maintain a safe distance between you and other vehicles.
- Be courteous to other drivers.
- Keep to the right except to pass, using turn signals to alert other drivers of your intentions.
- Always buckle seat belts.
Family Disaster PlanThe following information is taken from publication #L-191 of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), developed in cooperation with the American Red Cross.
Your Family Disaster PlanWhere will your family be when disaster strikes? They could be anywhere - at work, at school, or in the car. How will you find each other? Will you know if your children are safe?
Disaster can strike quickly and without warning. It can force you to evacuate your neighborhood or confine you to your home. What would you do if basic services water, gas, electricity or telephones-were cut off? Local officials and relief workers will be on the scene after a disaster, but they cannot reach everyone right away.
Families can and do cope with disaster by preparing in advance and working together as a team. Follow the steps listed in this brochure to create your family's disaster plan. Knowing what to do in advance is your best protection and your responsibility.
4 STEPS TO SAFETY1. Find out what could happen to you
Contact your local emergency management or civic defense office and American Red Cross chapter--be prepared to take notes:
- Ask what types of disasters are most likely to happen. Request information on how to prepare for each.
- Learn about your community's warning signals: what they sound like and what you should do when you hear them.
- Ask about animal care after a disaster. Animals may not be allowed inside emergency shelters due to health regulations.
- Find out how to help elderly or disabled persons, if needed.
- Next, find out about the disaster plans at your workplace, your children's school or daycare center, and other places where your family spends time.
Meet with your family and discuss why you need to prepare for disaster. Explain the dangers of fire, severe weather and earthquake to children. Plan to share responsibilities and work together as a team.
- Discuss the types of disasters that are most likely to happen. Explain what to do in each case.
- Pick two places to meet:
- Outside your home in case of a sudden emergency, like a fire.
- Outside your neighborhood, in case you can't return home. Everyone must know the address and phone number.
- Ask an out-of-state friend to be your "family contact." After a disaster, it's often easier to call long distance. Other family members should call this person and tell them where they are. Everyone must know your contact's phone number.
- Discuss what to do in an evacuation. Plan how to take care of your pets.
- Post emergency telephone numbers by phones (fire, police, ambulance, etc.)
- Teach children how and when to call 911 or your local Emergency Medical Services number for emergency help.
- Show each family member how and when to turn off the water, gas and electricity at the main switches.
- Check if you have adequate insurance coverage.
- Make sure the adults in your home know-how and when to use the fire extinguisher (ABC type), and show them where it's kept.
- Install smoke alarms on each level of your home especially in or near all sleeping areas.
- Conduct a home hazard hunt.
- Stock emergency supplies and assemble a Disaster Supplies Kit.
- Take a Red Cross first aid and CPR class.
- Determine the best escape routes from your home. Find two ways out (usually a door and a window) of each room.
- Find the safe spots in your home for each type of disaster.
- Quiz your kids every six months to see if they remember what to do.
- Conduct fire and emergency evacuation drills.
- Replace stored water every three months and stored food every three months.
- Test and recharge your fire extinguisher(s) according to the manufacturer's instructions.
- Test your smoke alarms monthly and change the batteries at least once a year, or when the alarm "chirps" signaling that the batteries are running low. Change batteries in _____________ each year.
If Disaster Strikes
- Remain calm and patient. Put your plan to action.
- Check for injuries
- Give first aid and get help for seriously injured people.
- Listen to your battery-powered radio for news and instructions
- Evacuate, if advised to do so. Wear protective clothing and sturdy shoes.
- Check for damage in your home.
- Use flashlights -- do not light matches or turn on electrical switches, if you suspect damage.
- Check for fire hazards and other household hazards.
- Sniff for gas leaks, starting at the water heater. If you smell gas or suspect a leak, turn off the main gas valve, open windows, and get everyone outside quickly.
- Shut off any other damaged utilities.
- Clean up spilled medicines, bleaches, gasoline, and other flammable liquids immediately.
- Confine or secure your pets.
- Call your family contact--do not use the telephone again unless it is a life-threatening emergency.
- Check on your neighbors, especially elderly or disabled persons.
- Make sure you have an adequate water supply in case service is cut off.
- Stay away from downed power lines.
- The Federal Emergency Management Agency's Family Protection Program and the American -- Red Cross' Disaster Education Program are nationwide efforts to help citizens prepare for disasters of all types.
Location: Ontario, NY (20 miles NE of Rochester, NY) in Region I
Operator: R.E. Ginna Nuclear Power Plant, LLC
Operating License: Issued - 09/19/1969
Renewed License: Issued - 05/19/2004
License Expires: 09/18/2029
Docket Number: 05000244
Licensed MWt: 1,775
Reactor Vendor/Type: Westinghouse Two-Loop
Containment Type: Dry, Ambient Pressure
Link to the U.S.NRC - United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission
How to Prepare for an Emergency
You never know when you might have to leave your home on short notice. A nuclear incident is only one possibility. Floods, fires, chemical spills, or severe illness could occur at any time. Preparing now will help you respond more quickly in an
Keep an emergency kit – portable radio, flashlight, extra batteries, extra car keys, first aid kit, and other items – in a special place that the whole family can easily locate. Include this booklet in your emergency kit with your location marked on the
map. Write a list of the items you would want to take if you had to leave home quickly and post the list in a convenient spot. Be sure to keep a supply of all the items on your list. Gather any important documents that you might need in an emergency
and keep them together in a safe place that you can access quickly and easily.
Maintain your vehicle in good running order and keep the gas tank at least half full at all times. If you will need transportation in an emergency, use the attached reply card to notify local authorities now.
Only service animals will be permitted inside reception centers or shelters. Pets will not be allowed inside reception centers and shelters. Pet sheltering information will be available at the reception centers and shelters for your area.
Contact Monroe County Emergency Management Agency for additional information.